Security

An interesting issue that was discovered after deploying security certificates for Remote Desktop Authentication into the TPM of desktop computers and some (physical) servers, after go live with the security certificate clients could no longer connect with the error below being displayed in the Remote Desktop Services log on the server.

The server security layer detected an error (0x80090304) in the protocol stream and the client (Client IP: <IP ADDRESS>) has been disconnected.

After chasing many red herrings around cryptography, schannel implementation, and the likes the root cause seems to be an issue with the storage within the TPM itself – as a workaround the certificate can be stored in the ‘traditional manner’ instead. An ideal fix would probably involve a firmware upgrade on the TPM.

Logs from the FreeIPA server can be used with the Syslog receiver function of a PAN NGFW to send username to IP address mappings into User-ID and in turn be used to create policies based on the users identity. To extract the data from the logs you will need the parser shown below.

I could only find a log that matched up with a login (nothing for a logout) and it’s worth a mention that you may need to exclude some servers (like mail servers and file servers) from User-ID as you will see multiple logins from multiple users over a very short period of time.

In recently deploying the Captive Portal feature of a Palo Alto Networks Next Generation Firewall (NGFW) in testing we were finding Apple Macs take 120+ seconds to load the sign-in page. First thoughts jumped to the Apple Captive Network Assistance (CNA) feature not functioning correctly however this appeared to be a dead end. Some time and a few packet captures later showed that the Mac wasn’t even trying to reach out to the Captive Portal in a timely manner, after much head scratching the customer I was working with suggested that their Sophos Endpoint agent (Intercept X) might be the cause of this problem.

Disabling the agent didn’t seem to resolve the issue however uninstalling it did – the Captive Portal page appeared nearly instantly. In reviewing the packet captures again it was clear the Sophos agent was trying to reach out to a reputation service which was being blocked by the authentication profile on the firewall, it just took a really long time for the agent to stop trying and allow access to the Captive Portal.

To work around this issue the domains listed in the link below were added to an authentication bypass policy on the NGFW, with this in place the Captive Portal loaded promptly. If anything it makes sense to allow unauthenticated access to such services (including Windows Update and the likes) to ensure a client has the ability to update itself regardless of authentication status.

https://doc.sophos.com/central/Customer/help/en-us/PeopleAndDevices/ProtectDevices/DomainsPorts/index.html

This presentation covers the MITRE ATT&CK matrix and it’s application in an Oxford or Cambridge College (or indeed any intuition) to gain increased awareness of exposure to cyber attacks and what can be done about them. Note, it looks like OBS captured the audio from the videos that wasn’t played back to the audience – sorry for talking over them!

My thanks to the CITC committee for the invite to return and present and I’m looking forwards to seeing everyone again in 2024!

  CITC 2023 Presentation (3.9 MiB, 5,174 hits)